Supreme Court Rulings On Law Enforcement

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Supreme Court Rulings-Impact on Law Enforcement Elizabeth Pruitt Aims Community College Policing Systems CRJ 125 Supreme Court Rulings- Impact on Law Enforcement Tennessee v. Garner 471 U.S. 1 (1985) In 1985, Memphis police officers were dispatched to a “prowler inside” call. Once officers arrived on scene, there was a women standing on her porch gesturing officers towards the adjacent home. The women told the officers she heard breaking glass and that someone was breaking into the home next door. An officer then went to the back door of the home and heard a door slam and observed someone running across the backyard. The fleeing suspect, later identified as Edward Garner, stopped at a 6 foot high chain link fence at the edge of the back yard. The officer with the aid of a flashlight was able to observe Garner’s face and hands and saw no obvious signs of a weapon. While Garner was kneeling down the bottom of the fence the officer yelled out “Police, Halt” while taking a few steps towards Garner. Garner than began to climb the fence and the officer believing that if Garner got over the fence he would avoid being captured, the officer shot him. The only thing on Garner was 10 dollars and a purse taken from the house. Before Edward Garner’s father took the case to the United States Supreme Court, police officers were justified in using deadly force under 4 circumstance. They are: 1) The any felony rule 2) The defense of life rule 3) The model penal code and 4) The
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