Surgical Desexings : Treatment And Treatment

2577 Words Oct 16th, 2014 11 Pages
Surgical desexings are one of the most commonly done procedures in small animal practice. Surgical desexing is used to control animal reproduction and behaviour, as well as prevent diseases related to hormone production and the reproductive tract such as uterine neoplasia and pyometra. The two most common surgical desexing procedures for females are ovariohysterectomy (OVH) and ovariectomy (OVE). Ovariohysterectomies have always been the most common method of female desexing in Australia and North America,(CITE FRANSSON and MacPHail) while OVEs have been the most popular procedure in the Netherlands and some other European countries. As the popularity of laparoscopically assisted procedures in Australia and North America increases, OVEs are rapidly becoming the method of choice for routine desexing by some veterinarians. Proponents of the traditional OVH cite the removal of the uterus, and thus the absolute prevention of uterine neoplasia and pyometra, as one of the main reasons that the OVH is a better procedure.(CITE FRANSSON AND MACPHAIL) On the other hand, proponents of the OVE will argue that the smaller abdominal incision and reduced surgical time needed for the OVE reduces patient morbidity, as well as being more cost effective and efficient,(CITE VAN GOETHEM) making it a better procedure. I will outline the individual procedures and discuss their key differences, and after an in depth literature review using online databases to compare relevant studies with…
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