Essay on Surrealism and Salvador Dali

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Surrealism and Salvador Dali Surrealism is defined as an art style developed in the 1920's in Europe, characterized by using the subconscious as a source of creativity to liberate pictorial subjects and ideas. Surrealist paintings often depict unexpected or irrational objects in an atmosphere or fantasy , creating a dreamlike scenario ( 2004). The word Surrealism was created in 1917 by the writer Guillaune Apollinaire. He used it to describe two instances of artistic innovation ( Bradley 6). In 1924, in the Manifeste du Surrealisme which launched the surrealist movement, the writer Andre Brenton and his friend Philippe Soupault adopted the word,“baptized by the name of…show more content…
Another popular Dali paintings from the 1930's is “The Atavism of Dusk” .Sex, cannibalism and death were linked in Dali’s mind. By paranoiac association , precisely these anxieties were inspired by Millet’s painting depicting the piety of two laborers. In The Atavism of Dusk Dali expressed more explicitly this irrational significance which he divined in The Angelus. The posture of the two peasants is reproduced faithfully. The male stands to the left , his hat concealing his sexual arousal, but his face has been transformed into a skull, an image which invokes the consequences of his fatal sexual encounter with the female peasant standing at the right. The threat posed by the woman is evident in the way she assumes the attitude of a praying mantis. This alludes to the practice of the female insect of the species devouring the male after coition (Dali 63). 4 Dali also created “The Wearing of Furniture-Nutrition” in the 1930's. This painting represents a further variation in the capacity of the paranoiac critical method to “interpret”reality by establishing irrational connections between disparate elements. Unlike Dali’s image , in which several elements may be recognized within a single configuration, here the same configuration is repeated in various parts of

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