Surrogacy and Kant

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Ethical Decision Making Paper The following case involves a seventy one year old male patient who told his family if the time ever came when he could not sustain life on his own he didn’t want measures taken to do so. This patient found out in the late summer of 2008 he had stage four pancreatic cancer. The doctor gave him about four weeks to live. At this point he took things into his own hands and made his daughter durable power of attorney for his healthcare needs. Over the next few weeks he became very week and could no longer walk. He stopped eating and drinking due to the mixture of him not feeling well and the medication he was taking. Eventually Hospice was called in to help assist with him and provide some comfort…show more content…
The daughter of the patient also thought she was doing well by following her father’s wishes. At this point with the patient is in the last few days of his life the best thing at this point would be to honor his last wish and do nothing to sustain his life any longer. The second of the ethical theories we are looking at is Utilitarianism which is an act that Is right if it helps bring about the best balance of benefits over burdens (Purtilo 73). Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question “What ought a man to do?” Its answer is that he ought to act so as to produce the best consequences possible (Hamric, : Spross, and Hanson, 2000)... There are not many consequences of taking out the IV line because the end result is still terminal. Step 4: Exploring the Practical Alternatives: Option 1- The patient stated to his daughter his wishes regarding the issue of his healthcare. The patient clearly stated when the time came for him to die if he could not sustain life on his own he wanted no steps taken to prolong his life. Therefore while he was still in sound mind he made his daughter Durable power of attorney over his healthcare needs. The patient should have signed a DNR to insure his wishes were followed through with. In that situation there would have been no doubt or second guessing by the family on what he wanted. Option 2- The family had a
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