Surveillance And Notification Systems For Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome

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INTRODUCTION The quality and standard of food and water is a universal objective in food safety and a public health priority. The advent of globalisation has been chiefly positive, however negative impacts such as pathogen transmission through exported food can be a risk to population health. The exponential transmission of Escherichia Coli bacteria can transcend geographical and class barriers, impacting both high and low income societies. A causal link between Shiga-toxin producing E. coli and Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome has been established, due to the detrimental health impacts, this is deemed a high public health priority. Ongoing research, outbreak tracing and other relevant information needs to be maintained and notified on the syndrome.
Effective surveillance and notification aids stakeholders in policy development, preventive strategies and funding of treatment programmes. This paper will examine and evaluate attributes of the surveillance and notification systems for Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome in Australia, drawing on international literature and best practice guidelines. The scope of this evaluation involves investigating actions of the key stakeholders such as clinicians, state and federal health agencies and patients. In particular, the Communicable Disease Network in Australia, and OzFoodNet, will be assessed alongside the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention in America. PATHO-PHYSIOLOGY Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome (hereafter referred to as HUS),

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