Sustainable Tourism

2314 WordsJun 22, 200910 Pages
1. Introduction As defined by the World Tourism Organization (WTO), tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes. Key concepts of sustainable development and sustainable tourism, values and ethics of sustainable tourism and the needs of sustainability in all form of tourism shall be discussed in this essay. 2.1 Sustainable Tourism Since World War II, tourism has developed from a relatively minor activity to the world's largest industry. The travelling within more developed countries as well as from more developed countries to less developed countries generally increased. It also consists of…show more content…
Employing of locals, utilizing local resources, being less destructive can be beneficial to the host community and guests. 2.1.4 Emergence of 'alternative tourism' By supporting locally owned small-scale enterprises than externally owned and large scale enterprises leads to alternative tourism. Eco-tourism special interest tourism appeared as alternative tourism that attracts based on the natural environment. 2.1.5 Knowledge-Based platform Several factors gave rise in the late 1980s and 1990s according to Jafari (2001) which he terms the knowledge-based platform. It is based on scientific foundation, research-based to provide objective analysis. This platform emphasize on holistic, system-based approached. By studying the whole tourism system, understanding its underlying structures and functions so that proper assessment can be done to manage the tourism sector. 3.1 Sustainable Development Sustainable development is defined as 'development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs' (Brundtland Report, 1987). Essentially, sustainable development advocates the wise use and conservation of resources in order to maintain their long-term viability (Eber, 1992, p. 1). The principles of sustainable development are ecological sustainability, economic sustainability, social sustainability and cultural sustainability (Jamieson, et al, 2000). Ecological sustainability refers to the direction
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