‘Sustainable Tourism Is a Myth.’ to What Extent Do You Agree with This Statement?

Decent Essays
‘Sustainable Tourism is a Myth.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? (15 Marks)

Sustainable Tourism is essentially an industry committed to making a low impact on the natural environment and local culture, while helping to generate income and employment for local people. As Global economists forecast continuing international tourism growth, this continuous growth will place great stress on remaining biologically diverse habitats and indigenous cultures, which are often used to support mass tourism. Therefore it is important that sustainable tourism is promoted and that people are educated about the opportunities provided in order to minimize the effects that tourism poses on the natural environment while helping to benefit
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Furthermore, both LEDC’s and MEDC’s are becoming to reliant on mass tourism and are not taking into the account the impacts in the long term for example 85% of Majorca’s income is through tourism which means there is a lack of economic independence because if the island were to suddenly become unfashionable then the Island would be left in a vulnerable income. This is especially the case here as tourism has destroyed farming and agricultural labour which used to be the main source of income which means Majorca has no other form of income to fall back on if tourism was to decrease in the area.

Moreover, one of the main issues that sustainable tourism tries to embrace is having a low impact on tourism but many countries who undertake in mass tourism have failed to properly take this into account. For example, tourism around the Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the largest commercial activity there and accounts for 87% of the reefs economic output. However, this tourism has created pollution through waste disposal, pollution from boats etc. This easily damages the Coral reef which thus affects the species dependent on them. In addition, tourists disturb the wildlife as many seabirds nest on the ground and when disturbed leave the nest which thus exposes young or eggs to predators and developments for tourism damage coastal ecosystems such as the mangrove forests and estuaries
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