Sustainable Urban Development in India

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SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA: SOME ISSUES by Basudha Chattopadhyay INTRODUCTION Sustainable development means attaining a balance between environmental protection and human economic development and between the present and future needs. It means equity in development and sectoral actions across space and time. 1 It requires an integration of economic, social and environmental approaches towards development. Sustainable urban development refers to attaining social equity and environmental protection in urbanization while minimizing the costs of urbanization. This paper aims at discussing some of the important issues relating to sustainable urban form that would lead to sustainable urban development with possible references to…show more content…
With rapid expansion of urban population around the world there has arisen a wide World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) known by the name of its Chair Gro Harlem Brundtland was convened by the United Nations in 1983. 3 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that responds to the world’s main development challenges. These are drawn from the targets and actions contained in the Millennium Declarations in the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. 4 For detailed discussion on climate change see the report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the source can be found under Cruz et al. (2007) in the reference. 2 2 awareness about minimizing the environmental costs of urbanization. Concerns are raised at environmental damages and depletion of nonrenewable resources and rising levels of pollution in urban areas. In recent times cities have become places of urban environmental degradation and wasteful use of resources, which is proving to be costly to generations present and future. In order to mitigate the problem we require to minimizing the depletion of non-renewable resources and resort to environmentally sustainable economic development. But this has to be done in ways that are socially, economically and politically acceptable. While planning for sustainable development of the towns, we should also take into
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