Swanson's Theory Of Caring

1893 Words Nov 18th, 2014 8 Pages
Kristen M. Swanson may not be as well-known as Florence Nightingale in the nursing field, but she has made great contributions with the Theory of Caring that has been used in many hospitals, even internationally, for their framework to guide patient care. Through the study of her practice, I have realized much of her practice is reflected in mine. This paper will present the basic concept of nursing known as the metaparadigm concepts of person, health, environment, and nursing as presented by Swanson, as well as provide my own philosophy of nursing, which in many ways mirrors Swanson’s.
Kristen Swanson obtained her earned her bachelor’s degree in nursing from University of Rhode Island in 1975; her masters in
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Jean Watson. Watson felt that how nurses viewed their patients and defined their personhood, set the stage of the goals, care practices and environment of that patient (Swanson, 1993, p 352). Through these interviews, Swanson defined caring as “a nurturing way of relating to a valued other toward whom one feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility” (Swanson, 1991, p 162). In exploring the metaparadigm of the Theory of Caring, Swanson explored the groups and felt that each person is unique through their person of thoughts, feelings and behaviors. She felt that each person is formed through their environment, genetic makeup, and their spirituality or free will. Allowing and encouraging one to express one’s self freely without judgments helps the transition through life events. She also had another class of person which encompassed the nurse herself. She felt that the nurse has a duty to care for self, as well as other nurses and their nursing involvement.
The environment in which Swanson was dealing with was defined as “situational” (Swanson, 1993, p 353). Swanson felt that in the context of nursing environment, it was anything that influenced or influences the patient or client, such as education, social, economic, spirituality, culture, and psychological environments. As each person has different experiences, they also have different walks of life that change those experiences and the way they act upon them.

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