Swot Analysis and Organisational Development in the Nigerian Public Sector

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SWOT ANALYSIS AND ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE

BY

IBRAHIM MOHAMMED LAWAL

SWOT ANALYSIS AND ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE

ABSTRACT

The public service in Nigeria has suffered setbacks which are largely attributed to ineffective and inefficient management. The general poor service delivery of public service organizations can be attributable to the inability of these organizations to develop proper evaluation strategies that would assist them refocus on their core mandates. A relatively new concept in organizational management, SWOT is a tool that assists organizations assess themselves by evaluating their internal and external competencies,
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In 1949, the Fitzegerald Commission into the Collery trouble articulated the idea of public corporation. This concept was borrowed from the British labour party rationalisation of British coal in 1947, electricity in 1949 (Tukunboh, 1990). Subsequently, in 1950s the following public corporations were established in Nigeria: Nigeria Coal Corporation; Electricity Corporation; Nigeria Cement Company, Nkalagu; Nigerian Railway Corporation, and Nigerian Port Authority. All these corporations were managed by Boards. Since then more corporations have been established based on national interest. Some state governments have also established public corporations to actualise their developmental interests.

The term public service can be conceptualized in two ways. First it refers to the body of officials that are involved in the administration of the agencies, services, programmes and policies of the public sector. That is, the public servants that manage the entirety of public services. In the second sense, the concept refers to the organizations, agencies, structures, departments and units which are charged with and involved in public or governmental tasks, activities and functions. These include the Civil Service, Commissions, Boards, Directorates, Parastatals, etc that are publicly owned, funded and directed (Ikelegbe, 1995). The public service as established by

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