Symbolism and Allegory in Animal Farm

1657 WordsApr 24, 20137 Pages
Symbolism and allegory in three aspects of Animal Farm : Old major, The Windmill and The Seven Commandments George Orwell uses symbols throughout the novel Animal Farm to show how the upper class groups use manipulation to their advantage. Animal Farm in simple terms is the allegory of a revolution gone sour. Animalism, Communism, and Fascism are all the symbols which are used by the pigs as a means of satisfying their greed and lust for power. As Lord Acton wrote: "Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely” which is definitely the case. The author uses the animals, the windmill, and the seven commandments to symbolize the extreme power over the animals (workers commune). “Writers such as Jonathan Swift use allegory to…show more content…
The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of the world, Unite!”. Old Major leaves his animals with a similar message for revolution and to remind them of this goal, he teaches them the anthem Beasts of England which is continued to be sang for years after his departure. The animals willingly embrace Major's visionary ideals of socialism (animalism), but the pigs themselves gradually twist the meanings of his words through their regime. This is a symbol of the abuse in power from Stalin. Lastly Orwell makes the death of Major more realistic by adding elements from Lenin's death ; the same way in which Lenin's remains were put on show, Major's skull is also displayed to all the animals. The Windmill is a powerful object that is a symbol of both industry and the manipulation that existed by the pigs. Secondly the windmill is a symbol for Stalin's(Napoleon's) 'Five-Year plan'. Just as The Windmill was promised to make the animal's life easier, the 'Five-Year Plan' was supposed to improve industry and in turn the working class's lives by increasing production and allowing the soviets to shorten the work-week. Just like the windmill, Stalin's plan was a failure. This destruction of the windmill is symbolic for the failure of the Five Year PlanAfter the destruction of The Windmill, the Animals decided to build another one and in real-life, Stalin kept
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