Symbolism in The Lord Of The Flies.

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William Golding was a British writer. He has written several novels, and has won

the Nobel Prize in Literature. His best known novel is The Lord of The Flies, published

in 1954. In The Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses different themes and symbols

to get the point of the novel across. These symbols include the pigs head, the

conch, and even the boys themselves. The author uses symbols to show societys’ rules

and faults.

The first symbol is the conch. Ralph and Piggy discover the conch in the

beginning of the novel on the beach. They use it as a horn to call any other survivors

there may be on the island after the plane crash separates them all. The conch indicates

order and civilization in The Lord
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It’s a fire that Jack and his followers have started

in their hunt to kill Ralph.

Piggy is the smartest and most logical of the boys, and it simply seems natural

that his glasses are a symbol of intelligence. This symbolic implication is clear from the

start of the novel; the boys use Piggy’s glasses to start a fire by focusing sunlight. When

Jack’s hunters attack Ralph’s camp and steal Piggy’s glasses it means the loss of rational

thinking and savagery is starting to take over the boys’ minds.

The little ‘uns believe that there is a “beastie” in the woods. It stands for primal

instinct of savagery that is within every human being. The beast frightens the boys, and

only Simon is able to realize that the reason they are afraid of the beast is because it

exists within each of them. Their belief in the beast grows stronger as they become more

and more savage. Near the end of the novel, some of the boys treat it as a god and leave it


Many of the novels characters signify important themes. Ralph shows order,

leadership, control and society. Piggy represents the logical and intellectual characteristic

of life. Jack is a symbol of savagery, and the longing to rule. Simon and Roger portray

the good and evil in humans. Some might see the boys’ society in a political point of

view, the little ‘uns as the common people and the older boys

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