Symptoms And Symptoms Of Antipsychotic Medication

1497 WordsMar 22, 20156 Pages
Because schizophrenia manifests itself as a blend of a thought disorder, a mood disorder, and an anxiety disorder, a mixture of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and antianxiety medication is used to treat it. One main type of antipsychotic medication is traditional, such as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, and fluphenazine. These medications have been present since the 1950 's, and they are most effective for treating positive symptoms because they block the dopamine receptors. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that aids in regulating mood and behavior. Schizophrenia is believed to be caused by an excess of dopamine related activity in the brain. By blocking the receptors, the disorder is controlled. Chlorpromazine and other traditional…show more content…
The other category of medication is new generation medicine. These are also known as atypical antipsychotics, and they are different from traditional (typical) medications because of the less severe side effects that they have when it comes to movement. Examples of atypical antipsychotics are closapine, pisperidone, and quetiapine. The medications work much like traditional medications; they regulate dopamine and serotonin, another neurotransmitter that controls memory and mood functions. The antipsychotics may cause metabolic syndrome, which is marked by an increased risk of weight gain, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol. Milder effects include low blood pressure, constipation, and increased heart rate and salivation. More severe responses can also develop, such as decreased white blood cells, swollen heart muscles, seizures, extremely low blood pressure, and involuntary urination. With prolonged use, patients may also acquire extrapyramidal effects or tardive dyskinesia, both of which affect muscular control. Although the exact cause of schizophrenia has not yet been discovered, there have been observed trends in those who have it. A child whose parent or sibling has schizophrenia has a 10% chance of developing schizophrenia, while a person whose second-degree relative (aunt, uncle, cousin, etc.) has schizophrenia has a lower chance. The
Open Document