Symptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Depressive Disorder

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Abstract Bipolar Depressive Disorder is a mental disorder referred to as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). It is ranked the sixth leading cause of disability in the world by the World Health organization (Lopez, 2006). It is a brain-related disease that affects millions of people every year. This essay provides the condition’s description, incidence and prevalence, common characteristics, signs and symptoms, cellular and systemic changes, causative factors, diagnosis criteria, and treatment. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC, 2016), bipolar disorder causes different variations in a person’s ability to function, their mood, as well as their energy. It affects people in social aspects that not only produce damaging results to…show more content…
It causes one to no longer derive pleasure in the activities that used to bring joy. Symptoms are not obvious as they are usually mistaken for normal emotional levels. Without treatment, the disorder can worsen (Stein, Kupfer & Schatzberg, 2005). The Incidence and Prevalence in the United States and Other Parts of the World Close to 3% of people globally have become victims to this major depressive disorder (Lopez, 2006). The lifetime rate of people diagnosed with this disorder varies in different parts of the world. India was found to have the lowest rate at 0.1% while the U.S. leads with a high of 4.4%. Its prevalence among the adults in the U.S. also comprises of 2.6% of the adult population (CDC 2016). In addition, more than 80% of the bipolar disorder cases have been classified as severe. Out of these, only 49% have been reported to be receiving treatment. It is estimated to be the most expensive diagnosis in terms of behavioral health care (Lopez, 2006). Among the high-income countries, the Unites States ranked highest in terms of the percent of population suffering from the disorder. The Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors, reports that 3 million Americans 18 years and above suffer from bipolar disorder (Lopez, 2006). A nationwide survey reported that 6.7% of the adult population has had a bipolar period within the past twelve months. These rates
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