Symptoms And Symptoms Of Multiple Sclerosis

967 Words4 Pages
Multiple Sclerosis
Daniel Phuong Nguyen
Dr. David Chen

KNES 371 1:00 p.m.
December 5, 2015
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack myelin sheath causing neurological damage to areas of the brain and causes neurological deterioration. In the brain the myelin sheath is involved with what allows for communication between brain and the body. As the disease progresses the sheath deteriorates the neurons where the myelin sheath is found is damaged, causing a break or loss of information when the brain is trying to communicate with the brain. As the central nervous system (CNS) is deteriorating it causes permanent damage that is incurable. The symptoms are not as
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These neurons are vital for passing information from the brain to the body through the CNS. The neuron is made up of the body and axon which is broken into two parts: myelin sheath and axon terminals. Multiple sclerosis takes the immune system and attacks the myelin sheath causing it to deteriorate. As the myelin sheath is damaged it leaves permanent neurological damage and the electrical impulses that travel through the myelin sheath are blocked or disrupted (Compston, Coles 2008). As the CNS deteriorates the body becomes dysfunctional and the individual cannot perform their activities of daily living. Now that the CNS is disrupted or unable to communicate with PNS, this can lead to numerous signs and symptoms because the PNS is failing to receive electrical impulses. Signs and symptoms are not as simple as the common cold or fevers, as they differentiate depending on the location of where the neuron is damage. Common signs are: numbed limbs, partial or complete loss of vision, loss of coordination in gait, dizziness, or conflicts with inner organs such as bladder complications (MedlinePlus). For example the patient has symptoms of poor coordination, it could be that case that the loss of coordination in locomotion was because of the muscle fibers may not receive an electrical impulse that is required for a specific movement. Different cases depend on which type of MS
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