Symptoms And Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

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In the early stages, symptoms indicating that prostate cancer may have developed are rarely seen, but there are some clinical signs and symptoms that can help determine the presence of this cancer. A neoplasm is a new and abnormal growth of tissue in some part of the body. “If the neoplasm is large enough to encroach on the bladder neck, signs and symptoms of urinary obstruction occur (difficulty and frequency of urination, urinary retention, and decreased size and force of the urinary stream)” (Pellico, 2013, p. 956). Urinary obstruction could, therefore, potentially indicate prostate cancer. Another symptom that may be present in the early stages of prostate cancer is hematuria, which is blood in urine. As the cancer begins to grow, it…show more content…
“The level of PSA in the blood is proportional to the total prostatic mass and does not necessarily indicate malignancy” (Pellico, 2013, p. 956). However, if an individual has abnormally high levels of PSA in the body, it could indicate that the individual has prostate cancer (Pellico, 2013). The treatment of prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease and which symptoms a patient may be experiencing. One type of treatment used is radiation therapy. The two major forms of radiation therapy are teletherapy and brachytherapy. Teletherapy involves almost seven weeks of radiation therapy at a prescribed dosage. Alternatively, Brachytherapy uses radioactive seeds that are implanted while the patient is under anesthesia. In Brachytherapy, “[e]ighty to 100 seeds are placed directly in the prostate, and the patient returns home after the procedure” (Pellico, 2013, p. 957). However, the patient should avoid close contact with infants or a woman who is, or may become pregnant. If a patient is receiving radiation therapy, the nurse can start implementing safety procedures to ensure the wellbeing of the patient. The nurse should also answer any questions a family member may have about the procedure, such as equipment being used, how long the procedure may be, potential of immobilization, and likelihood that the patient may experience pain. The nurse should also regularly check the patient’s skin, oral mucosa, nutrition status, and
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