Symptoms And Treatment Of A Common Infectious Disease

755 WordsApr 24, 20154 Pages
Symptoms and Physical Findings Pneumonias can be classified by the type of agent that’s causing the infection, and distribution and location of the infection. This patient that specifically has community acquired pneumonia (CAP) can be either bacterial or viral in nature, and described as pneumonia that did not originate from a nursing home or hospital (Grossman & Porth, 2013). CAP should be suspected if the patient presents with symptoms such as dyspnea, high fever, rigors, tachycardia, pulmonary edema, and productive cough. The productive cough may produce yellow, green, or even rust colored sputum. A change in metal status is a less common symptom and is seen more with elderly patients. Symptoms are typically present for more than fourteen days (Buttaro, Trybulski, Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). Common Pathogens Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases and is an important cause of mortality and morbidity all over the world. The most common bacterial pathogen that a cause of CAP is Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains) and accounts for almost thirty percent of CAP cases. Other pathogens include Haemophilus influenza, Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and influenza A. In more than half of the cases of CAP, the pathogen is never recognized (Thiem, Heppner, & Pientka, 2011). Plan of Treatment The plan of treatment would be to treat the most recent diagnosis

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