Symptoms And Treatment Of A Kidney Disease

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The patient described pain in his back between the twelfth rib and lumbar vertebrae, which is the site to which the kidney is located; therefore it is possible that the patient suffered from a form of kidney disease. Upon urinalysis, it was found that the patient was suffering from haematuria. Haematuria typically results from an inability to filter urea, suggesting the patient was suffering from an infection to the kidney that inhibited its ability to filter urea which is symptomatic of swelling in the glomeruli. The patient was also suffering from proteinuria, Oliguria, and Oedema, reinforcing the possibility of an infection, arising due to the inability to filter urea. A throat culture revealed that the patient had suffered from…show more content…
The kidney is lined with millions of glomeruli which have projections called podocytes, which increase the kidneys surface area, and thus increase the absorption of nutrients from the blood. In a normal functioning kidney, filtration as a result is highly effective in removing macromolecules such as proteins. However the streptococcal bacterium causes the glomeruli to become inflamed, thereby inhibiting its ability to filter nutrients. Blood enters the kidney through the afferent artirol, which in a normal functioning kidney, has a smaller surface area comparatively to the efferent artirol; this increases the pressure of the blood, hence creating a pumping mechanism, through which substances move to the bowman capsule. However, when inflamed, the glomeruli expand, resulting in a decrease in pressurization causing blood to filter inefficiently. Resulting in substances such as blood and protein to enter the urine, as the glomeruli cannot filter large macromolecules such as proteins, resulting in hematuria and proteinuria. STREPTOCOCCUS Streptococcus is an infection caused by a bacterium known as streptococci. When fighting a bacterial infection, the body produces antibodies which identify the bacteria, such that it can be destroyed by the body. Typically, the streptococci are eliminated by way of urination, however it can become trapped within the glomerulus, and therefore cause
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