Symptoms And Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder

2370 Words Dec 4th, 2014 10 Pages
Abstract Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder that affects approximately 2.6% of adults over the age of 18 years old in the United States. The disorder is characterized by mood shifts from low depressed states to high manic states. Little is known of what the causes of bipolar disorder are, but as technology advances more research is being done to pinpoint the areas of the brain that cause bipolar disorder and the shifts in mood. One intriguing area of study for a possible cause surrounds NMDA receptors and their role in synaptic plasticity. This paper will explore the possible alternative treatment that has arisen from the research into NMDA receptors and the use of the drug Ketamine, an NMDA antagonist. In studies, Ketamine treatments have shown to be fast acting and long lasting, with very few patients reporting the side effects usually associated with the drug.

Introduction People who have bipolar disorder are affected and even crippled by shifts in mood, the moods typically cycle between depressed states and manic states or episodes. Bipolar disorder affects 2.6% of the adult population in the United States according to the National Institute of Mental Health and the World Health Organization lists bipolar disorder as the sixth leading cause of disability in the world. The exact cause of bipolar disorder has yet to be determined; the research conducted has not found any conclusive evidence to say without a doubt what causes a person to cycle through states…
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