Symptoms And Treatment Of Cystic Fibrosis

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Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease that produces abnormally thick mucus that often causes blockages and respiratory infections. It is a chronic, life-threatening disease that demands several amounts of treatment. “In the United States, the congenital respiratory disease cystic fibrosis affects about 30,000 children and adults, with another 40,000 sufferers worldwide, according to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. In addition, approximately 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed each year” (Fratantoro, 2014). The major health concern in this disease is the mortality rate and how nurses and other medical professionals can help extend a child’s lifetime by caring for both the child and family. “The life expectancy for children born and…show more content…
Throughout treatment the caregiver should be involved in the plan of care for the child. It is shown that children do best in a supportive, familial environment. The caregivers and the nurses have a large impact on the child’s ability to get better and reach optimal health (Everhart, Fiese, Smyth, Borschuk, & Anbar, 2014).
Cystic fibrosis is a recessive trait, which means both parents must be carriers in order to have a child with this disease. Children who have two parents that carry the trait have a one in four chance of being diagnosed. The mutation for cystic fibrosis is located on chromosome seven. In order for a accurate diagnose the child most have both physical symptoms and a positive in blood testing. “Newborn screening involves obtaining a blood specimen through a heel prick and sending it to a CF-screening laboratory for analysis. Most such laboratories screen for CF by measuring IRT, and if levels are elevated, following up with a second test that may include repeating the IRT measurement or analyzing DNA for CFTR mutations” (Nakano & Tluczek, 2014). The laboratory analysis and respiratory problems must both be present in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis.
The first of the three important implications to include in the care of a child diagnosed with cystic fibrosis is assessing the respiratory status. One of the most common nursing diagnoses for these patients is ineffective airway clearance. This
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