Symptoms And Treatment Of Depressive Disorders

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Depressive disorders are amongst the most common and debilitating illnesses that have a direct effect on the body and the mind. Symptomatology, complexity, and risk factors vary greatly depending on the individual’s socioeconomic status (Rush et al. 2006) as it influences access to mental health professionals, and often delays proper diagnosis. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the most common depressive disorders, affecting 11.4% of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17, and 6.7% of all U.S adults (NIMH, 2016). Regardless of type, depression is a topic of grave concern considering the alarming rates in the country, the shortage of qualified therapists, and resistance to many of the existing medications. Treatment options have varied…show more content…
G., et al. 2016).
Key terms: Depression, rTMS, ECT, Depressive Disorders, DSM-V, ADMs, Psychedelics.

Depression: Beyond SSRIs, Evidence Based Alternative Therapies The National Institute of Mental Health reported that in 2014, an estimated 2.8 million U.S adolescents aged 12 to 17, and an estimated 15.7 million U.S adults aged 18 or older had at least one major depressive episode in the past year, thus representing 11.4% of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17, and 6.7% of all U.S adults (NIMH, 2016). More inclusively the lifetime prevalence of people experiencing major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder is 20.8% of the U.S adult population. The 12-month prevalence is 9.5%, of which 45% are classified as severe. Non-hispanic whites and women are the most likely populations to experience a mood disorder over their lifetime (NIMH, 2016). It is imperative for the general population to be educated on the general concepts of depression, and aware of the multiple options available for the treatment of depression given that there is a strong reliance on conventional methods by primary care providers. Alternative therapies are providing outstanding results, and the following literature review will provide evidence based arguments supporting their use in clinical practice.

Depression is a general term that can be classified as a syndrome commonly presenting as lack of happiness, loss of
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