Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetic Patients

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In clinical scenario, the nurses often encounter such questions from diabetic patients as ‘Can I take soy food to reduce my blood sugar level?’ or ‘Can soy food prevent diabetes?’ or ‘Does eating soy food really work for my diabetic condition?’ Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases with significant morbidity and mortality, which has become a global-wide health challenge (Shaw, Sicree, & Zimmet, 2010). Management for type 2 diabetes is complicated and it is more cost effective when started at an early stage. The main goal is to reduce hyperglycemia (Alberti, Zimmet, & Shaw, 2007). It has been widely acknowledged that natural dietary compounds are able to prevent or delay the development of the pathogenesis of diabetes in the early phase of the disease. Dietary changes, combined with other lifestyle interventions, could significantly reduce the risk of complications in type 2 diabetes (Cater & Garg, 2002) and may even be better than medicines (Knowler et al., 2002). The low prevalence of obesity and related metabolic disorders in Asian populations may be associated with soy products, which are often shown in Asiatic dining table. The four times less prevalence of T2DM in Japanese people in Tokyo than in Japanese-Americans in Seattle has drawn much attention (Fujimoto et al., 1991). The beneficial effects of soy protein on blood lipid concentrations have been reported by numerous studies and systematic reviews. (Anderson, Johnstone, &
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