Symptoms And Treatment Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

1649 WordsJul 23, 20157 Pages
FASDs are defined as “an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy” (Caley, Kramer, and Robinson, 2005, p. 139). Alcohol has a teratogenic effect on the brain, and each child inside the uterus is affected differently. FASD is not a clinical diagnosis (Caley et al., 2005). Currently the diagnoses under FASD include fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol related birth defects (ARBD) (Bertrand, 2009). FAS is considered the most severe of the FASD diagnosis and is compriseds of facial dysmorphia (features that include the narrowing of the eyes, smooth area between the lips and the nose, and thin lips), impaired physical growth, and central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities. PFAS does not include impaired growth and may have most, but not all of the typical facial features. ARND includes no observable facial features, yes has CNS abnormalities, intellectual disabilities, problems with behavior and learning, difficulties with math, memory, attention, judgment and poor impulse control. ARBD is often not seen alone, but is seen as a secondary diagnosis. It consists of heart, kidney, and/or bone problems, difficulty seeing and/or hearing, and reduced immune function. Recently a diagnosis of neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) has been added to the list. This is

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