Symptoms And Treatment Of Fibromyalgia

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Introduction Fibromyalgia is a common musculoskeletal condition with symptoms of widespread muscle and joint pain, and fatigue. Many different medications are available to treat this sometimes-debilitating disease, including narcotics. The harmful effects of narcotics overuse to treat a wide variety of pain disorders are seen increasingly throughout the United States. With providers becoming concerned over using pain medication and causing harm to patients, a further look at alternative treatment methods is necessary. Because symptoms of fibromyalgia include anxiety, depression, and widespread pain, an increase in activity as a part of a comprehensive treatment plan is an option to consider. The following critique and literature…show more content…
1590). A growing body of evidence suggests hypersensitivity of the nervous system and peripheral fibers as a possible cause. Learning efficient ways to help patients desensitize to central pain stimuli may help provide relief. In the Steiner, Bigatti, and Ang (2015) study, moderate levels of physical activity show improvements physical symptoms and physical function, and decrease the intensity of pain in groups with baseline relative inactivity. It will be important to discuss a physical activity strategy for the patient that stresses the amount of time the patient spends up and moving as compared to sedentary time. As shown in the study, pain reduction is considerably larger than those reductions from psychological and pharmaceutical intervention alone.
A focus on clinical depression with pain is discussed in Damush et al. (2008) article which concentrates on an increase of exercise or physical activity, causing a decrease in pain symptoms. The Stepped Care for Affective Disorders and Musculoskeletal Pain (SCAMP) trial tested an intervention of enhanced antidepressant therapy shared with a pain self-management platform versus usual care for primary care patients, with comorbid chronic pain and depression. With the reduction of pain through self-management exercise programs, the importance of physical activity is shown to be beneficial in multiple disease processes. Therefore, in adult, patients with
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