Symptoms And Treatment Of Fibromyalgia

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According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases the word “fibromyalgia” comes from the Latin term for fibrous tissue (fibro) and the Greek terms for muscle (myo) and pain (algia); therefore, the term literally means muscle and connective tissue pain. Fibromyalgia affects an estimated 10 million people in the United States and 3-6% of the world population. This disorder occurs in men, women, and children of all ages and ethnic groups. As in the case of a number of other pain disorders fibromyalgia is most prevalent in women, for instance, 75-90% of people with fibromyalgia are women ("Prevalence",n.d.). Fibromyalgia can be described as a syndrome that affects the musculoskeletal, nervous, immune, digestion, and endocrine systems. The most commonly reported symptoms include: chronic widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, headaches, heightened pain in response to tactile pressure (allodynia), Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and cognitive dysfunction (known as “fibrofog”) and memory trouble ("Centers for Disease”, n.d.). Even though there is no known cause for the etiology of fibromyalgia researchers have numerous assumptions including: a family history of fibromyalgia, hormone imbalances, and being exposed to stressful or traumatic events such as car accidents, infections, or repetitive bodily injuries("Office on Women 's Health”, n.d.) . Boston’s Gail K. Adler, MD, PhD, and fellow Harvard Medical School researchers conducted a study on
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