Symptoms And Treatment Of Ill Patients

1978 Words Nov 16th, 2014 8 Pages
Annually more than one million people in the United States receive care in the intensive care unit (ICU) (Chandrashekar & Perme, 2009, p.213). Patients who are critically ill often require multiple therapies, monitoring devices, and mechanical ventilation. A majority of the critically ill patients remain in bed rest during their ICU and hospital stay. Prolonged immobility and bed rest have negative effects on patient outcomes leading to acute complications, longer ICU and hospital stay, and increase in mortality and morbidity rates (Dang, 2013).
Nurses and other healthcare providers strive to keep the patient stable and help progress healing; however extended patient immobility reduces and complicates timely recovery. Muscle strength diminishes by 20% when remaining on bed rest for one week and continues to decrease subsequently each week (Chandrashekar & Perme, 2009, p.213). The adverse effects of prolonged bed rest remain significant even after the patient is discharged from the ICU. According to Dang (2013) over half of the patients are unable to return to work because of muscular dysfunction that may last up to one year following discharge.
Evidence based practice supports early mobilization in critically ill patients. Early mobilization programs are achievable and provide substantial benefits for the critically ill patient. Short-term and long-term positive patient outcomes resulting from participating in early mobilization program includes: decrease length of…
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