Symptoms And Treatment Of Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome

2314 Words Apr 15th, 2016 10 Pages
Overview of Disease
Each day there are thousands of babies born, and families wait for their new loved ones to enter the world. However, there are also many complications that may occur with child birth. “Approximately 50% of neonates born at 26-28 weeks ' gestation develop respiratory distress syndrome, whereas less than 30% of premature neonates born at 30-31 weeks’ gestation develop the condition” (MedScape). Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome, or IRDS for short, is a restrictive lung disease that commonly occurs in premature babies. A common cause is a lack of surfactant that is commonly found in developed lungs. Surfactant is a liquid that uses proteins and lipids to help decrease the surface tension between the alveoli to create better gas exchange in the lungs. (Medicine Net)
Etiology
IRDS, also known as hyaline membrane disease, is common in babies born earlier than 40 weeks’ gestation. “Other risk factors include multifetal pregnancies, maternal diabetes, and male and white neonates.” (Merck Mannual). Typically, in multifetal pregnancies labor is induced early because the mother has a higher risk of developing complications during the pregnancy. Most doctors today try to induce a woman who is pregnant with twins at 37 or 38 weeks to avoid any further complications. Due to the fact that multifetal babies are born early, they normally are underweight and not completely developed. (Fierro 2016). Their risk of developing IRDS is greatly increased the more premature…
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