Symptoms And Treatment Of Infectious Gastroenteritis

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This is a possible diagnosis for our patient. The mean age of diagnosis for IBD is 12.5 and our patient fit into that age group. The patient is also of Jewish heritage, which has an increase prevalence of IBD. Furthermore, the patient presents with abdominal pain, low weight, and occult blood in stool that can be found with CD and UC. Our patient does not have a family history of IBD even though 25% of children with IBD do, but that does not rule out the diagnosis. Furthermore, our patient does not have many of the extra-GI features of IBD, which include arthralgias and rashes, making this diagnosis less likely. Finally, an endoscopy was done and no cobblestoning features or pseudopolyps were seen. Thus, IBD is a possible…show more content…
Symptoms of vomiting, abdominal pain, headaches, weakness, and diarrhea can occur within one hour and last less than 24 hours. Diagnosis is through stool culture and treatment is supportive therapy. The most well-known Salmonella infection is Salmonella typhi, which is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Typhoid fever is divided into 4 stages. In the first stage, symptoms of malaise, headache and cough develop. In the second stage, high fever, bradycardia, rose spots, crackles in the lung, hepatosplenomegaly, distended abdomen and loose stools are observed. In the third stage, intestinal hemorrhage, encephalitis, cyclic fevers are prevalent. In the last stage, the fever starts to subside. Diagnosis is made through stool culture and the patient is treated through oral rehydration therapy. Antibiotics like ceftriaxone or ciprofloxacin can also be given. Camplylobacter is another bacterial cause of gastroenteritis. It is commonly associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry dish. Patients get diarrhea (loose to bloody), fever and malaise. It is diagnosed through stool culture. Disease is self-limiting, but antibiotics like ciprofloxacin can be given. Yersinia can be acquired through uncooked meat, contaminated water and milk leading to watery and bloody diarrhea and fever. It is typically self-limiting and does not require antibiotics. Of note, patients with Yersinia enterocolitica can experience
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