Symptoms And Treatment Of Lyme Disease

1485 Words Nov 30th, 2016 6 Pages
Throughout history, humankind has been exposed to millions of unique and troubling pathogens. Some of these pathogens are well known, such as the bubonic plague, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS, but others are relatively unknown and remain shrouded in mystery. One such example has been spreading to become the most common vector-borne disease that occurs in the Northern Hemisphere, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This “hidden pandemic”, known as Lyme disease, is silently infecting hundreds of thousands of United States citizens each year, and numbers of new and untreated infections continue to climb as traditional treatments fail and doctors misdiagnose the condition. Spread by tick bites, Lyme disease has affected many lives and continues to infect countless individuals each and every day.
In 1975, residents living in the small town of Lyme, Connecticut started to experience many troubling symptoms such as muscle aches, joint pains, and fatigue. The prevalence of the symptoms among both children and adults baffled doctors, and they struggled to diagnose their patients. By 1977, the first 51 cases of “Lyme arthritis” were described, and the Ixodes scapularis tick, commonly known as the blacklegged or deer tick, was linked to the transmission of the disease (Pino). The causative factor was discovered in 1981 by Willy Burgdorfer when he isolated a spirochete, or spiral-shaped bacteria, that triggered the Lyme symptoms while he was studying another…
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