Symptoms And Treatment Of Malaria

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Introduction Malaria is a parasitic infection, transmitted by the bite of the infected female Anopheles mosquito. Five types of plasmodia cause the disease to humans: Plasmodium (P.) falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and P. knowlesi. The most common symptoms of malaria are, chills, high fever, malaise, headache sweating and muscle aches, manifest 1-4 weeks after infection with the parasite, while relapses of the disease are usually observed in short intervals but up to 5 and in extreme cases even up to 8 years in P. vivax infections (Walker and Colledge 2014; ). A number of effective anti-malaria drugs are available to treat the infection. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential to forestall complications. Furthermore, while most UK travellers acquiring malaria are of African heritage visiting friends and family, a UK study in 2012 identified that the risks of dying from malaria, once acquired, are highest in the elderly, tourists, and those presenting for medical help in areas where malaria is not endemic (Checkly, Smith and Smith, 2012). The risk of dying from malaria depends on several factors: not realising there is a risk, not taking malaria prevention tablets, delay in seeking prompt medical care, and wrong diagnosis and initiating treatment (Walker and Colledge, 2014). Not only that, Malaria is endemic in more than 100 countries around the world, mainly in sub-Sahara Africa and Asia. The marshlands of coastal southern and eastern England had
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