Symptoms And Treatment Of Mental Health Disorders

2023 Words Oct 14th, 2014 9 Pages
Introduction

Depression, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders are common major mental health disorders which occasionally consist of a combination of affective, behavioural, cognitive and perceptual components.1,2 The history of treatment of mental health disorders consists in a development through years in using pharmacological interventions or psychological therapies. Data shows the recorded incidence of common mental health disorders is 1.23% and around 25% of people in England, aged 18 years or older, have at some point had a diagnosis of a common mental health disorder.2,3 Of those, about 27% were being prescribed antidepressants in 2010/2011, around 5 times as many as were receiving psychological therapy interventions.3
Most studies suggest that for major mental health disorders, a treatment approach involving both drugs and psychotherapy is more effective than either treatment method used alone.1,4 Combined treatments is relatively common, but because of biases in the fields of medicine and psychology that champion one form over another, many clinicians are not fully informed about the use of both modalities.5 In general, health care providers and patients should consider that most mental health disorders can effectively be tackled by means of both pharmacological intervention and psychological therapies.6,7,8 The decision to prescribe a psychotropic agent never implies that psychological therapies are not indicated. Consequently, health care providers should not…
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