Symptoms And Treatment Of Multiple Sclerosis

1605 Words Nov 25th, 2015 7 Pages
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a very complex disease characterized by many different pathophysiological mechanisms that play a role in how the disease presents itself and its progression (Miller, 2012). Some mechanisms that play a role in MS are demyelination, axonal/neuronal damage, inflammation, gliosis, etc (Miller, 2012). Among 20-40 year olds, MS is the most common neurological disease (Miller, 2012). There are many different causes associated with MS but the two main causes of MS are axonal injury and oxidative stress and excitotoxicity.
There are three types of MS that are very common and one that is very rare. The three most common are relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), and primary progressive MS (PPMS) (Miller, 2012). The type of MS that is least common and rare is progressive relapsing MS (PRMS) (Miller, 2012). Genetics also play a very large role in the progression of MS (Miller, 2012). Relapsing remitting MS (RRM) is one of the most common types of MS with a prevalence rate of about 80% (Miller, 2012). RRMS is characterized by relapses, flares ups, attacks of worsening neurological function, and then remission periods that may be partial or complete (NationalMSSociety, n.d.). Many people diagnosed with RRMS end up having SPMS (NationalMSSociety, n.d.). SPMS takes the same course as RRMS without the relapses (NationalMSSociety, n.d.). Progression of MS in patients with SPMS is steadier than in RRMS (NationalMSSociety, n.d.). SPMS is…
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