Symptoms And Treatment Of Neuropathic Pain

3655 Words Dec 5th, 2014 15 Pages
Pain is a complex, unpleasant, and disruptive sensation. The day-to-day pain people experience from a paper cut or a flu shot results from the activation of nociceptive receptors at the site of tissue injury, which is known as nociceptive pain. Some individuals also have experience with a different type of pain, one that is chronic, intractable, disabling, and it arises “as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system” (Treede, 2008). This form of pain is neuropathic pain.
The term neuropathic pain is loosely used in the literature without a well-defined classification system and it broadly represents any syndromes with an underlying physiologic damage to the pain transmission pathway (Treede, 2008). The causes of nerve tissue damage in neuropathic pain, whether peripherally or central, are widespread. They range from nerve destruction during surgery or trauma to metabolic disturbances, cancer, infectious diseases and other causes (Woolf, 1999). Common symptoms suggestive of neuropathic pain are spontaneous or provoked sensory abnormalities such as dysesthesia, paresthesia, allodynia, as well as complete sensory deficit in some cases. A few types of neuropathic pain with manifestations in the head and neck region are trigeminal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, post-herpetic neuralgia and atypical facial pain. Dentists are in a unique position where they are challenged on an almost daily basis to diagnose and treat pain in the orofacial…

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