Symptoms And Treatment Of Osteoporosis

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In 2004 the Surgeon General reported more than 10 million people in the United States over the age of 50 had osteoporosis and 34 million were are at risk of developing the disease. By the end of 2020 the Surgeon General believes there will be over 50 million Americans who will be at risk for osteopathic fractures and low bone mass (Ailinger, 2005). Due to osteoporosis being a chronic diseases it does not include an agent, reservoir, or mode of transmission. This chronic disease excessively affects the elderly and can result in physical and psychosocial consequences. The pathophysiology of osteoporosis involves low bone mass and extra skeletal factors that lead to bone fractures. Every day there is a small amount of bone mineral being…show more content…
Despite the number of bone fractures very few people die from bone disease. However, bone disease can indirectly lead to death, certain fractures can have complications and a persons health can decrease significantly. The risk of mortality is four times greater among hip fracture patients during the first three months after the fracture than was the comparable risk among fracture free individuals of similar gender and age (Carmona, 2004, p. 1-437). About 20% of the patients that had a hip fracture died within the year of the fracture. It is also important to measure the health of a patient before a fracture because if a patient already has an illness prior, having a fracture only increases their mortality rates. The population in the United States is aging and the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass is expected to increase considerably. By 2020, one in two Americans over the age of 50 is expected to have or be at risk for developing osteoporosis of the hip and more will be at risk for osteoporosis in the skeleton (Carmona, 2004, p.101). The cases of osteoporosis are increasing and the cases need to be organized in order for one to be able to analyze the data and understand the variations within the disease. The bone mineral density (BMD) tests are designed to measure mineral density and compare it to a healthy score (Bone Mass Measurement: What the Numbers Mean). Using the BMD test a doctor can help with finding prevention or treatment strategies that are best
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