Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

1108 WordsMay 6, 20175 Pages
Schizophrenia What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thought, cognitive impairment, and mood symptoms. Hallucinations may include hearing voices (auditory hallucinations) or seeing people (visual hallucinations) that are not actually present. Patient also often have “negative” findings such as decreased energy, flat affect, and a lack of interest. These symptoms must typically be present for at least 6 months and not be better explained by another medical or psychiatric disorder. Common risk factors for the disease include immigration and living in an urban area. The condition is a common form of disability as patients lose their ability to make rational…show more content…
Individuals with the disease often require multidisciplinary teams (including a social worker) for their proper care. Schizophrenia has a worldwide prevalence of approximately 1%. Incidence of the disease is about 1.5 per 10,000 people per year. Patients are typically diagnosed during adolescence. The condition appears to be more common in men than women – men may also have a worse prognosis compared to women. Individuals with schizophrenia frequently have coexisting psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. They also have a higher incidence of suicide. What are the symptoms and signs of schizophrenia? Symptoms of schizophrenia are often categorized into positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms typically include: • Hallucinations • Disorganization • Delusions Hallucinations are perceived sensations that have no external source. These often include auditory hallucinations (eg, hearing voices) and visual hallucinations (eg, seeing objects). Delusions are a fixed, false beliefs that may include paranoia or grandiosity. Disorganized thought is often characterized as moving rapidly from one topic to the next in a disorganized fashion (tangential speech) or speaking incomprehensible sentences (word salad). Negative symptoms often include: • Flat affect • Lack of speech • Lack of interest • Low energy Besides positive and negative symptoms, patients often
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