Symptoms And Treatment Of Tuberculosis

2225 Words Sep 14th, 2016 9 Pages
Intro:
Tuberculosis (TB) Spondylitis, also known as Pott’s Disease, is often a result of an extra-spinal infection. Pott’s disease can occur as a combination of arthritis and osteomyelitis and often involves more than 1 vertebrae. The anterior most portion of the vertebrae is commonly affected.
The TB infection of one vertebrae may spread to surrounding vertebrae and vertebral discs causing a further secondary infection. (Enarson 294-296)

Epidemiology:
Pott’s disease is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind, with origins dating back to ancient Egypt. In today’s age, Pott’s disease is one of the most prevalent diseases in developing countries. (Taylor et al. 1243-1249)
10 – 15% of extra pulmonary cases of tuberculosis occur in the bones and soft-tissue. 40 - 50% of these cases manifest as Pott’s disease. (Ansari et al. 404) Pott’s disease commonly affects the Thoracic and Lumbar spine. 40 – 50% of all cases affect the lower thoracic region, followed closely by the lumbar region which makes up 35 – 45% of all cases. Only 10% of cases involve the cervical spine. (Park et al. E130-E135)

Symptoms And Side Effects
Pott’s disease is one of the most dangerous forms of musculoskeletal tuberculosis, and can result in serious morbidity. Severe spinal deformities and associated neurological deficits are just a few of the negative side effects of the disease. (Ekinci et al. 89)
Progressive destruction of the vertebral bodies as a result of the disease may lead to vertebral…
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