Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Essay

924 Words4 Pages
Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia, defined as "difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning" (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485), connected with the pineal gland in the brain that produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers find the possibility that a longer period of stage 1 sleep while stages 3 and 4 do not get enough time inadequate sleep causes insomnia. The disorder predominately exists among young adults and middle-aged people. "Population surveys indicate a 1-year prevalence of…show more content…
According to DSM-IV-TR, primary insomnia correlates with anxiety, depression, tiredness during daytime, and it negatively affects attention skills. Genetics link to the development of insomnia, but researcher’s have an uncertainty of how strong the relationship (2000). Insomnia, generally affects women and older people, older people and men have trouble staying asleep, and younger people normally have trouble achieving sleep. Symptoms of insomnia usually begin from a stress-triggering element. Such symptoms may be lengthened can lead to insomnia (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Studies have conveyed two main concepts related to insomnia: “physiological, emotional and cognitive activation” and how intense stress affects the person who goes through times of hardship. If insomnia continues without prevention, it may cause other disorders such as depression (Alexandru, 2009, p. 68). Treatments Of many treatments for insomnia, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy start this list. Cognitive behavior treatments aim towards adjusting the participant’s thoughts of insomnia and by calming him or her (Alexandru, 2009). According to studies, “CBT is effective for improving insomnia symptoms in 70–80% of patients, and also has long-term effects on the prevention of recurrence” (Okajima, 2011, P. 24). Although pharmacotherapy obtains an advantage on amount of usage, that does not confirm effectiveness (Okajima, 2011).
Open Document