Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease Essay

1373 Words6 Pages
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's Disease is a degenerative disorder of the nervous system. Parkinson's is a disease that may happen in younger people, but the risk mainly increases with age. This is because many of the cellular systems in the brain are difficult to renew by themselves while there are trillions of nerve cells in the brain to compensate for the loss of these cells. For example, in Parkinson's disease the symptoms are caused by the selective loss of a small population in the brain consisting of about 500,000 dopaminergic cells. The dopaminergic cells are situated deep in the midbrain and carries messages back and forth to nerve cells. In any brain that grows older, some of these dopamine cells will…show more content…
Unless it is temporarily eased by anti-Parkinson's medications, rigidity id always present. However, it increases during movement. It is often responsible for a mask-like expression of the face. In some patients, rigidity leads to sensations of pain, especially in the arms and shoulders. Bradykinesia is the slowness of movement a person with Parkinson's disease will usually have. This symptom is characterized by a delay in initiating movements, caused by the brains slowness in transmitting the necessary instructions to the appropriate parts of the body. when the instructions have been received, the body responds slowly in carrying them out. Poor balance also tends to affect people with Parkinson's disease. This is mainly true when they move harshly, causing a sudden change in the position of their bodies. Some patients experience repeated falls due to poor balance. Walking problems commonly include a decreased or non-existent arm swing, short shuffling steps, difficulty in negotiating turns, and sudden freezing spells that make a person unable to take their next step. People with Parkinson's disease may also suffer from many secondary symptoms. These include depression, sleep disturbances, dizziness, hunched posture, constipation, dementia, and problems with speech, breathing, swallowing, and sexual function. Also, it is important to take notice that different patients experience different
Open Document