Synthesis: Neo-Freudianism . One Of The Most Influential

1737 WordsApr 13, 20177 Pages
Synthesis: Neo-Freudianism One of the most influential historians when it comes to psychoanalysis is Freud; after all, he developed the theory entirely from his own research. That said, Freud was most certainly not the last to discover new methods of analysis or theory regarding the human psyche. Neo-Freudians are individuals that challenged the theory and sought further understanding and progression in the field of psychology. On various occasions, many theorists seek further opinion from Freud yet found his disinterest in outside perspective as disrespectful and discouraging. Freud made it obvious that he did not wish to partner or embellish his own understanding through collaborative relationships. Challenging and discovering…show more content…
Freud and Jung (despite several disagreements) believed that behavior is governed by instinct and archetypes. Horney disagreed with Freud and Jung in their assumption/belief that conflict is inevitable. Rather, if a child is raised in a comforting and socially safe environment (i.e. trust, tolerance, acceptance, love etc.), conflict can be avoided and resolved (Hall & Lindzey, 1957). Adler’s concept states man is driven by social urges, activities, interest and life styles according to the environment in which a person is born into (Hall & Lindzey, 1957). Erich Fromm also supported the theory that man has a distinct need for a connection with society and nature, freedom and bondage both come from societal pressures that man encounters (Hall & Lindzey, 1957). Society expects individuals to censor their emotions, to avoid or repress feelings that may be socially unacceptable. Skinner points out that the stress associated with social norms can cause repressed aggression which eventually surfaces in other ways, hence the term “Freudian Slip” (Overskeid, 2007), when repressed emotional secrets come out unintentionally. The biggest supporter of psychology and its connection to society was Harry Stack Sullivan, an innovator in the field of psychology (Hall & Lindzey, 1957). Sullivan taught that to look at an individual on a case study alone is only beneficial to understanding an observed personality, the

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