Synthesis of T-Pentyl Chloride Essay

954 WordsNov 24, 20124 Pages
Exp 23 B Synthesis of t-Pentyl Chloride 11-8-12 Purpose: The sysnthesis of t-Pentyl Chloride from alcohol. Procedure: Preparation of t-Pentyl Chloride. In a 125-mL separatory funnel, place 10.0 mL of t-pentyl alcohol (2-methyl-2-butanol, MW _ 88.2, d _ 0.805 g/mL) and 25 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid (d _ 1.18 g/mL). Do not stopper the funnel. Gently swirl the mixture in the separatory funnel for about 1 minute. After this period of swirling, stopper the separatory funnel and carefully invert it. Without shaking the separatory funnel, immediately open the stopcock to release the pressure. Close the stopcock, shake the funnel several times, and again release the pressure through the stopcock (see Technique 12, Section…show more content…
Wash (swirl and shake) the organic layer with one 10-mL portion of water and again drain the lower aqueous layer. Transfer the organic layer to a small, dry Erlenmeyer flask by pouring it from the top of the separatory funnel. Dry the crude t-pentyl chloride over 1.01 g of anhydrous calcium chloride until it is clear (see Technique 12, Section 12.9). Swirl the alkyl halide with the drying agent to aid the drying. Distillation. Transfer the clear liquid to a dry 25-mL round-bottom flask using a Pasteur pipet. Add a boiling stone and distill the crude t-pentyl chloride in a dry apparatus. Collect the pure t-pentyl chloride in a receiver cooled in ice. Collect the material that boils between 78°C and 84°C. Weigh the product and calculate the percentage yield. Results | Weight | Empty Erlenmeyer flask | 39.23 g | Flask with collected t-pentyl chloride | 46.61 | Discussion First thing we did in this lab was to add HCl to the t-pentyl alcohol. We did this because by adding the HCl, we are creating what we wanted, t-pentyl chloride. Then, due to the difference in density, layers will form. The top layer and less dense is the organic layer, the t-pentyl chloride and the bottom layer is the aqueous layer. The purpose of shaking vigourously is to make sure that the 2 liquids mix properly, giving us the desired product t-pentyl chloride. Then we wash the organic layer with water. T-pentyl chloride is insoluble in water, so it wont be

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