Synthesize Piracetamm

Decent Essays
It is unclear when or how the discovery of plants or fruits had the potential to alter the moods or minds as there are evidence from over 10,000 years ago. At that time, ancient man discovered that certain plants promote changes in thinking and perception of reality. Also, throughout the years, many countries from all around the world have different nootropic-like substance. For example, the Chinese have a plant known as Ginkgo Biloba that can enhance cognitive function in people with cognitive problems and Indians have herbs known as Ayurvedic adaptogens to relieve stress. It is not until recently that nootropics were created to enhance thoughts, memory, and mental improvements. The nootropic revolution began in the 1960’s with the development…show more content…
sedation, motor stimulation) and possess very few side effects and extremely low toxicity. In 1960, Timothy Leary, an American psychologist, and the Belgium company Union chimique belge (UCB) tried to synthesize Piracetam from the racetams family. It was supposed to serve as a calming supplement and sleep inducer. Unfortunately, they did not manage to succeed as no such effects have been noticed. It was Dr. Giurgea, the chief neuropharmacologist at UCB that managed to successfully synthesize Piracetam in 1964. The supplement was a great success and was marketed in Europe in 1971. After the successful synthesis, studies on Piracetam were done from all around the world to focus on specific aspects such as to improve memories and the neuroprotection on patients with the Alzheimer’s disease. These studies expanded to other racetams such as Aniracetam and Oxiracetam. Aniracetam was developed by Hoffman-La Roche in 1970’s which contributes to the neurotransmission by activating the Acetylcholine receptors. Oxiracetam was developed in 1993. Its main goal is to improve the capacity to process information. Racetams were revolutionary because there are no side effects and they combine both physiological and medical
Get Access