Synthetic Biology : An Interdisciplinary Branch Of Biology And Engineering

1933 Words Jun 3rd, 2016 8 Pages
Synthetic Biology
Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering that incorporates the design and development of new biological elements, equipment, and systems, as well as the re-design of existing natural biological systems for useful functions. It is a practice that guarantees improved drugs, better hydrated crops, greener fuels and even a potentially modernized or reconstructed chemical industry. Synthetic biology also has the potential to reduce our dependence on oil and address climate change (Waxman, “ Synthetic biology can help fight climate change and pollution”). According to Representative Henry Waxman of California, and Chair of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, “Research is underway to develop microbes that would produce oil, giving us a renewable fuel that could be used interchangeably with gasoline without creating more global warming pollution.” Not only that, “research could also lead to oil-eating microbes, an application that, as the Gulf spill unfortunately demonstrates, would be extremely useful.” A relatively new and controversial topic, synthetic biology promises a better future for mankind due to its beneficial impact on the environment.
As biotechnologists have learned how to interpret and manipulate genetic code, they have begun to take the useful genetic information from one organism and add it to another. This has become the groundwork of genetic engineering, or synthetic biology. It has allowed researchers to…
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