Synthetic Steroids

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There are two different types of steroids: natural steroids and synthetic steroids. Natural steroids are made from fats in the body. “Any of a large group of fat-soluble organic compounds, such as: sterols, bile acids, and sex hormones, most of which have specific physiological action” (Steriod, n.d.). The human body naturally produces the following steroids: sex steroids, corticosteroids, mineralocorticoids, bile acid, and sterols. Sex steroids are made up of androgens and estrogens. Androgen is the male hormone that the body produces and is divided into two parts: androgenic and anabolic. Androgenic is the part involved in developing the male sex characteristics. Anabolic is the part involved in increasing the amount of body
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The skin is effected because steroids can increase the number of glands in the skin which causes acne. The liver can be damaged or an individual can develop liver cancer. The heart is effected in many different ways. The heart can become enlarged, which can lead to a cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, palpitations, and possibly sudden cardiac death. Cardiomyopathy is when the heart has a decreased pumping ability. Arrhythmias is when there is changes in the electrical conduction system of the heart causing rhythm changes. Anabolic steroids can also cause high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and increased blood glucose levels, all which can cause a heart attack and/or a stroke. Other side effects that can occur with anabolic steroids are ulcers, cataracts, kidney impairment and/or failure, fluid retention, and in adolescents, anabolic steroids can stunt their growth. “With continued use of anabolic steroids it can increase your chance of injuring ligaments, tendons and muscles” (Anabolic Steroids, 2013).
People who inject themselves with the anabolic steroid, increase their risk of damaging their veins and contracting an infectious diseases due to non-sterile injection techniques, sharing of needles, and the use of steroids preparations that were manufactured in a non-sterile environment. It put the uses at an increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B or C, and a number of bacterial infections
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All of the approved anabolic steroids are Schedule III and require a prescription in order to be used medically in the United States. Schedule III substances are under the Controlled Substance Act. It is not illegal to possess anabolic steroids for personal use, but it is illegal to possess anabolic steroids if it is believed you are supplying or selling them. The penalty could be a minor as a fine or a major as a prison sentence. In most professional sports anabolic steroids are banned. “The use of steroids continues to make news and sports headlines as athletes and bodybuilders use them illegally to gain an advantage on the playing field” (Steriods,
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