Synthetic Vs. Natural Polymers

1541 Words Sep 10th, 2016 7 Pages
Synthetic vs Natural Polymers in Conditioning Shampoos
Introduction and Thesis
Cosmetics have been used for thousands of years to enhance the visual appearance of people, either through ritualistic or aesthetic motivations. With the turn of the 20th Century, the growing trend of the film industry caused an uprising in the commercialism of cosmetic products. This coincided with the increasing development in the chemistry industry, to accommodate the multi-billion dollar industry which is present today. Previously, cosmetics were extracted out of natural resources such as minerals and natural plants, however it became necessary to synthetically produce some components included in cosmetics to accommodate the major increase in product demand (Polymer Solutions, 2014). Polymers are the second largest class of ingredients in the cosmetic industry (Lochhead, 2016).
Polymers are molecules made up of a large number of low molecular mass units, or monomers, that are covalently bonded together (, 2016; Gruber, 2016). The combination of monomers in a chain determines the structure, performance and physical properties of each polymer. The backbone of a polymer includes repeating monomers; if there is only one repeating monomer than it is a homopolymer; if there is more than one repeating monomer then this forms a copolymer, which can either be linear or branched depending on the side groups attached (, 2016; Draelos, 2016).
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