Essay on Syphilis

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What is syphilis? The aim of this essay is to find out if syphilis affects a particular gender or age group, and if so, how it is transmitted? Many people are unaware of this disease as the occurrence reduced considerably after penicillin became available. However, this disease is not completely extinct. “The past decade has seen a rise in new cases of the almost forgotten historic disease syphilis, particularly in certain risk groups” (Wohrl and Geusau, 2007). Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacterium Treponema palladium. When syphilis is passed on sexually it is called venereal syphilis (Wohrl and Geusau, 2007). This disease can also be transmitted to an unborn child via the mother; this is called …show more content…
It usually gets to this stage three to six weeks after the appearance of the ulcers. Losses of appetite, anorexia, headache, sore throat, swollen glands, hair loss, feeling tired are all symptoms (Wohrl and Geusau, 2007). Other symptoms are mucocutaneous lesions, adenopathy and rashes (Lundy and Janes, 2009). At this stage syphilis is very infectious and can be easily transmitted. Treatment during these two stages can stop the disease from progressing to the tertiary stage of syphilis.
Tertiary stage- This stage is called the latent or tertiary stage of syphilis where the symptoms that can be seen in the primary and secondary stages, is seen to discontinue. This is called the latent stage, and a blood test can be used to detect the infection. However, syphilis normally proceeds to the late stage of syphilis. This is called the tertiary stage. This stage occurs around ten years since the first time the bacterium enters the body. This stage is the most detrimental phase where most of the patient’s suffer from damage to the heart or nervous system. There is also said to be a decrease in hearing and vision. At this level, mental retardation and dementia are also very common. Treatment during the latent phase can cure the infection but cannot cure the effects on the heart and nervous system. The tertiary stage is further