The expected pattern starts at 0-3 years where a child is expected to develop the most. They have little control over their bodies at 0-1 years and are dependent on their natural instincts eg: sucking, grasping.
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years to include:-
|9 |Can sit independently and will be finding ways to be |Baby realises that when something or someone |Will understand no, bye-bye and other key words,|Can find partially hidden object/toys and will |
* The baby turns its head towards light and stares at bright and shiny objects (1 month old)
Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years
Babies prefer the sound of humans interacting to other sounds and from this, they quickly learn to recognise and identify their mother’s voice. Babies form their first relationship through emotional attachments with their mother or main carer. The first year of a baby’s life is a period of incredible growth, and a baby’s brain goes through critical periods during which stimulation is needed for proper development. During the babies first years, visual stimuli or verbal language is necessary for areas of the brain to grow and without this growth, a child’s vision or speaking abilities might be impaired. Infants tend to have different cries for hunger or pain, as well as making other noises. These abilities show your child is gaining communication and pre-language skills. Infants from birth to 6 months will forget about objects they cannot see however they begin to explore objects they can see and grab by putting them in their mouths. They will also follow moving objects with their eyes and look around at nearby objects. Infants in this stage will turn to look at a source of sound. These developmental milestones show a baby’s brain is developing and they are gaining new skills. From 7 to 12 months, infants also learn the idea of cause and effect, and they might repeat an action that causes a
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years
Learning Outcome: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years.
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include:
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years.
The guide below explains what you might expect from the development of the child through various ages:
M., Grandpierre, V., Johnston, J. C., & Thibert, J., (2014). How HANDy are baby signs? A systematic review of the impact of gestural communication on typically developing, hearing infants under the age of 36 months. First Language, 34(6), 486 – 509. doi:10.1177/0142723714562864
Between the ages of 0-6 months, a baby can hear and recognize familiar voices, sounds, and tones. A stranger’s voice may agitate a baby while its own mother’s voice will instantly calm them. If the doorbell rings every day at 1:00, when the postman delivers the mail, it may initially startle a new baby. After a few times, the baby will not even acknowledge the doorbell ringing. The baby becomes used to that tone and just ignores the interruption. Babies at this developmental stage can also communicate in their own unique way. They have particular cries and pitches in their voices that indicate a certain need. Ask most mothers and they can identify what these different cries mean. Sometimes it means they are hungry, sick, sleepy, or they just need to be held and rocked. And thus, communication begins. From 7-12 months babies have learned to babble and explore their voices, often squealing and stretching their vocal chords. They know when they are being spoken to and recognize the sound of their own name. Simple commands and the names of common objects are easily understood. Within the first year babies tend to produce their first words. During the child’s second and third years, they combine gestures with their limited vocabulary to express themselves. “Although their spoken words are limited to about 50-250 words, they have a receptive vocabulary of approximately 500-900 words” (Klarowska).