TDA21 Child and Young Person Developmen

6757 Words Dec 12th, 2014 28 Pages
TDA Unit 2.1 Child and Young Person Development
1) 1.1
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include
Physical Development
Communication and Intellectual Development
Social, emotional and behavioural Development
Physical Development
There are expected patterns of development for children from birth to 19 years old. Although all children are individuals and unique and there are factors which can have a bearing on development such as health, environment and home life and parenting these milestones happen naturally. The patterns start from birth with new-born babies having very little control of their bodies and are totally dependent. Up to 1 month old, a baby can focus both
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Most teenagers have trouble waking up in the morning. Part of this is because they stay up later, although part of it is biological.

Communication and Intellectual Development

From birth to 3 months their main source of communication will be crying. At this stage babies have very little understanding of what is happening to them and they do not know they are people. They will have different crying sounds and these will depend on what the baby needs for example for hunger, pain, feeling wet, fear and loneliness.
At around 4-6 months old a baby will have developed an awareness of sound in particularly a person speaking and will turn towards the sound when someone familiar speaks for example their parents. They will start to mimic sounds and start to babble and laugh. Intellectual development is rapid and although they may not be able to speak in more than just babble, their understanding will be greater and they will become much more inquisitive. They will be able to understand simple instructions such as “point to your nose.” By a year old, they’ll be able to say simple words like “Mama” and “Dada” or words with similar sounds. They may start to develop their own language with odd sounding words for common objects that take their interest. Sometimes these words will sound similar to the name of the object particularly if their parents spend time speaking to their child and repeating the names of these objects.
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