Taking a Closer Look at Ethiopia

2380 Words Jul 17th, 2018 10 Pages
Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa and there are living over 75 million people. It’s one of the populous countries in sub-Sahara Africa. Most of the people, over 85% are living in countryside. Ethiopia is one of the least developed countries in the world. Ethiopia has lots of poverty, estimated 47% of people are living under the poverty line. Poor nutrition, low education levels, widespread poverty and difficulties to get health care services are caused, that the life expectancy is 54 years.

The primary health care problem in Ethiopia is Malaria. It is causing most of the out-patient visits and many peoples deaths. Ethiopia is also having a big problem with HIV/AIDS. 2005 was reported, that 3,5% of the population in age group 15-49
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Besides there are few islands near, that includes in UK. (Suomen suurlähetystö Lontoo 2013a.) There are living over 60 million people, most of them over 89% in urban areas (European Observatory on Health Care Systems 1999, 1).

UK is one of the riches countries in the world. It has important role in UN, EU and NATO. (Globalis 2009.) UK has moved many people all over the world. UK capital, London is one of the multi-cultural cities in the world. The largest ethnic groups, who live in London are Indian, Polish, Pakistani, Irish, German, South African and Bangladeshi. There are also living estimate 20 000 Finnish. (Suomen suurlähetystö Lontoo 2013b.)

Leading cause of deaths in UK are cerebrovascular diseases and ischemic heart disease, cancers and disease of respiratory system. UK has one of the worst mortality rates for breast cancer for women under 65 in Western Europe. Compared to other European Union countries, UK has one of the worst rates of coronary heart disease. Life expectancy is 77.4 years in UK. (European Observatory on Health Care Systems 1999, 1-3.)

3.1 Public health care

National Health Service (NHS) is providing UK public health care. NHS is working under The Department of Health (DoH) who is responsible for providing public health care in UK. People may choose their own general medical practitioner (GB), but choice is restricted within geographical areas. Over 99% of the populations are registered with GPs. They are