Taking a Look at Bacterial Gastroenteritis

917 WordsFeb 20, 20184 Pages
1. The diagnosis is bacterial gastroenteritis, commonly known as “food poisoning” or the “stomach flu”. Gastroenteritis is inflammation and swelling of the gastrointestinal track. Gastroenteritis can usually caused by ingesting food contaminated with some bacteria. Furthermore, some common causes of gastroenteritis include, shigella infection, cholera, and salmonella infection. There are many symptoms of gastroenteritis, including diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting (Guerrant, Bobak, 1991). In addition, vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration, and children are likely to get dehydrated more quickly. Thus, it is crucial to look for the signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, dry skin and decreased urine output. The doctor initiates the diagnosis by performing a abdominal or rectal examination in order to eliminate the possibilities of pelvic abscesses and inflammatory bowel disease (Guerrant, Bobak, 1991). In addition, the doctor uses a stool culture to determine what bacteria are responsible for causing the gastroenteritis (Guerrant, Bobak, 1991). 2. The organism responsible for this disease is a strain of E.coli called E.coli 0157:H7. E.coli is a gram-negative rod that inhabit the human gastrointestinal track and mostly harmless. However, the strain 0157 can produce powerful toxins that can lead to severe cases of food poisoning (Gould, 2010). The bacteria were first identified as a cause of foodborne illness in 1982 when an outbreak of
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