Taking a Look at Chikungunya Fever

1015 WordsFeb 25, 20184 Pages
Chikungunya Fever Chikungunya virus causes chikungunya fever, a highly symptomatic and acute illness often followed by chronic arthritis. The name chikungunya, in fact, came about by the symptoms that developed upon infection. From the Makonde language, chikungunya means, “that which contorts or bends up.” This refers to the bent position of those experiencing the chronic arthralgia (Bettadapura et al., 2013). Though investigation has been ongoing, there is no information regarding any specific viral proteins that are known to play a role in disease. Incubation of the virus lasts 1 to 12 days. The course of chikungunya fever involves two stages: acute and chronic. Acute stage is characterized by joint pain, rash, and fever (Kucharz et al., 2012). The pain of the joints, known as arthralgia, is typically presented in the hands, wrists, ankles, and feet. Back and larger joints are also afflicted. Other common symptoms of the acute stage are chills, malaise, vomiting, and photosensitivity. Atypical symptoms of the acute stage involve cardiovascular or respiratory problems (Kucharz et al., 2012). Acute symptoms last for a couple of weeks but some symptoms may persist for months (Weaver et al., 2012). The chronic stage exhibits predominantly in the form of rheumatism, which can last indefinitely (Kucharz et al., 2012). Investigation has reported that persistent joint pain caused by chikungunya virus is correlated with high levels of IL-6 and GM-CSF. Moreover, natural

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