Taking a Look at Diabetes

862 WordsFeb 19, 20183 Pages
Definition: “Diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to control the level of glucose in the blood. Normally this control is managed by the action of the hormone insulin, which is made in the pancreas.” (Food Technology in action 2011, page 316-317)Diabetes is known as a chronic disease with serious complications, and it “is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood.” (Nutrition the inside story 2008, page 132) Type 1 diabetes (previously called insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes) is not a diet related disorder and is where the pancreas does not produce insulin, as a result of the pancreas cells being damaged or destroyed. Type 2 diabetes (previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes or mature-age onset diabetes) is where the pancreas does not make enough insulin for normal control of the blood glucose levels. The pancreas is a gland that is below and behind the stomach, which is where the hormone insulin comes from. The pancreas puts insulin into the bloodstream, and as the insulin moves around, it is allowing sugar to enter the cells. Having insulin is necessary as it lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, and “as your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.” Cause/ Most at risk: Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is making insulin, but not enough and or/ the insulin doesn’t work properly. (Food Technology in action 2011, page 316-317)

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